American Thinker: Federal Farming Power Grab Scheduled for Senate Vote Today
Posted November 30, 2010on:
NOTE: this bill passed the Senate today and now must be reconciled with the House version and made into one version that both houses can approve. Then if this can be done there will be a vote by both houses approving the bill before sending it to the President. Obviously I am upset. Let us hope time runs out before the Democrats can get this done. The Democrats also want to pass the immigration DREAM Act and the repeal of the military “Don’t ask, don’t tell”. The President wants this Bush Tax Bill continued in some fashion before the time runs out because he knows that if it isn’t he can kiss his job good-by even if the Republicans manage to get it approved after the new Congress takes over in January because then it will appear that the Republicans push it thru over the heads of the Democrats and the President. BB
If you thought the taking of toys out of Happy Meals and cities like new York and San Francisco requiring restaurants to post calorie counts and reduce salt from their food choices was too much government interference then this bill will really get your attention. THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT IS NOW TAKING OVER THE ENTIRE FOOD INDUSTRY BY TAKING OVER FOOD PRODUCTION. The bill has passed the House with very little discussion and is now in the lame duck Senate. These guys don’t have time to consider and pass a budget for this year or to do anything about the Bush tax cuts so they will expire and cause us all to have a massive tax increase beginning in January, but they can darn well make sure America’s have the proper diet and safe foods. That is, safer than they are right now since every other day we are hearing about recalls of bad eggs and such.
The Federal Government controls the financial industry, the automobile industry and is indeed taking over health care behind the scenes even while the Congress mumbles about “repeal and replace” because the Obamacare Bill (along with several others that already passed) set up the bureaucracy to implement the details of the bill. The federal government has shut down the oil industry in this country by mandating a moratorium on drilling in the Gulf and Alaska and is pouring your billions into electric cars and other such nonsense. (The electric for those cars is generated in mainly coal burning (coal is a fossil fuel!) plants so how electric cars can be “green” I have no idea. Apparently those in Washington believe that Electricity comes out of the plugs in our walls!) Our First lady has gotten bills passed that regulate the foods served in our schools and even suggested the packaged lunches from home should be inspected. These packaged lunches should not be taken from the children but the children will be given literature on healthy eating to take home. Just a bit of pressure to conform or be seen as contributing to the nations health care cost by eating poorly and being “out of shape and unhealthy”. Can’t you hear the bullying now!
So with all this already in the works Obama and his Democrats are ready to send the nation an all encompassing bill that will effectively take over the nation’s food production, processing and even distribution. Can you see it: any cities with a too active Tea Party Patriots movement might just find itself short on food deliveries until the population shapes up. A bit of “friendly starvation” or the modern day “siege”.
No need for catapults or battering rams, just misdirect the food delivery trucks for a few weeks and the starving population will beg the government to take over and regulate the flow of traffic and even those who can drive on our highways so that those food trucks can get to their city. That’s call two birds with one stone! BB
Below from American Thinker contributor Micheal Geer:
Detailed Concerns with S.510, the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act of 2010
Growing an Already Disjointed and Duplicative Federal Government
In 2008, GAO testified before a House subcommittee that “FDA is one of 15 agencies that collectively administer at least 30 laws related to food safety. This fragmentation is the key reason GAO added the federal oversight of food safety to its High-Risk Series in January 2007 and called for a government wide reexamination of the food safety system. We have reported on problems with this system-including inconsistent oversight, ineffective coordination, and inefficient use of resources.”
Specifically, GAO found that in 2003, FDA and USDA activities included overlapping and duplicative inspections of 1,451 domestic food-processing facilities that produce foods regulated by both agencies. This GAO testimony came on the heels of a 2005 GAO report that identified significant overlap in food safety activities conducted by USDA and the FDA, and to some extent the EPA and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), including “71 interagency agreements [to coordinate overlapping activities] that the agencies entered into… However, the agencies have weak mechanisms for tracking these agreements that…lead to ineffective implementation.”
This overlap was evident in the egg salmonella scare. The Wall Street Journal reported (USDA Graders Saw Bugs and Trash at Egg Producer; Didn‘t Tell FDA) that U.S. Department of Agriculture experts knew about sanitary problems at one of the two Iowa farms at the center of a massive nationwide egg recall, but did not notify health authorities.) USDA inspects farms and gives eggs their “Grade A” label, while the FDA technically is tasked with the safety of the final egg product.
This discrepancy was the impetus behind an egg safety rule originally promulgated 10 years ago by the FDA. Unfortunately, three administrations sat on the proposed rule without finalizing and implementing it. FDA Commissioner Dr. Hamburg stated, “We believe that had these rules been in place at an earlier time, it would have very likely enabled us to identify the problems on this farm before this kind of outbreak occurred.” A lack of regulatory bill isn’t the problem.
Charging the Bill to our Children and Grandchildren
The legislation will cost $1.4 billion over 5 years. This cost does not include an additional $230 million in expenditures that are directly offset by fees collected for those activities (re-inspections, mandatory recalls, etc.). The total cost of the bill is over $1.6 billion over 5 years. Of these costs, $335 million are for non-FDA programs – the food allergy grant program, implementation grants to assist producers, assistance grants to states and Indian Tribes.
Many argue that this spending is just “discretionary.” It is important to realize that the CBO score reflects the cost of the increase in FDA’s scope. It is true that this bill only authorizes funding (though problematically, for the first time ever provides an authorization line for just food activities at FDA).
If future appropriations do not add up to the amount CBO is estimating, the likely result is that none of these provisions can be fully implemented, or worse, the FDA is forced to cut corners in other areas it regulates (drugs/devices/etc.) to fund this added regulatory burden on foods.
Without paying for this bill, at best we are just passing it for a press release, and at worst, we shackle the FDA with unfunded mandates.
New and Unnecessary Non-FDA Spending
CBO estimates that implementing other provisions of S. 510 would increase non-FDA discretionary spending by $335 million over the 2011-2015 period. The bill would authorize three grant programs outside the purview of the FDA:
(Like all we need are more federal grants so congressmen can pay off constituents! And of course the money is wasted as most of it is siphoned off by the various agencies it p[asses thru before getting to where it might do some good. BB)
School-based allergy and anaphylaxis management grants. Authorized at $30 million annually, CBO estimates that this program would cost $107 million over the 2011-2015 period. This program creates new federal standards for how local schools deal with food allergies and ties the “voluntary” standards to eligibility for federal grant funds. This is not a federal role, the standards are overly prescriptive, and it duplicates existing efforts. The CDC has already published extensive best practices for how local schools can implement sounder strategies for dealing with food allergens. The word “food” is the only relationship between legislation to dictate the food allergy policies of local schools and legislation to modernize how the FDA regulates the food industry.
Food safety training, education, extension, outreach and technical assistance grants. Enacting the bill would require the Secretary of HHS to enter into cooperative agreements with the Secretary of Agriculture to provide grants for food safety training, education, extension, outreach, and technical assistance to owners and operators of farms, small food processors, and small fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers. Based on spending patterns of similar programs, CBO estimates that implementing this provision would cost $21 million over the next five years
Food safety participation grants for states and Indian tribes. S. 510 would authorize the appropriation of $19.5 million for fiscal year 2010 and such sums in subsequent years to award grants to states and Indian tribes to expand participation in food safety efforts. CBO estimates that implementing this provision would cost $83 million over the 2011-2015 period.
Along with the grant programs, S. 510 also would require the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to participate in food safety activities and would require the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to enhance its participation in food safety activities. CBO estimates that EPA will incur costs of about $2 million annually. CDC is required to significantly increase its surveillance activities, which CBO estimates will cost $100 million over 5 years. CDC is also required to set up “Centers of Excellence” at selected state health departments to prepare for food outbreaks at a cost of $4 million annually. (The EPA Environmental Protection Agency of course doesn’t at this time have enough control over our lives. remember it is this agency that has shut down and destroyed the farming in southern California over a darned minnow forcing the Americans to get their fruits and vegetables from other countries. BB)
Burdensome New Regulations
There are 225 pages of new regulations, many of which are problematic. While some regulations are potentially onerous, but perhaps reasonable – such as requiring every facility to have a scientifically-based, but very flexible, food safety plan-others give FDA sweeping authority with potentially significant consequences.
While it is hard to pull out just 1 or 2 regulations in the bill that make the entire thing unpalatable, on the whole this bill represents a weighty new regulatory structure on the food industry that will be particularly difficult for small producers and farms to comply with (with little evidence it will make food safer). The following regulations are perhaps the most troubling:
Performance standards. The bill gives the Secretary the authority to “issue contaminant-specific and science-based guidance documents, action levels, or regulations.” The way the bill is written the authority is extremely broad and could be used by FDA to issue very specific and onerous regulations on food facilities, without even the normal rule-making and guidance process FDA food regulations normally go through.
Traceability. FDA is required to establish a “product tracing system within the FDA” based and develop additional record keeping requirements for foods determined to be “high risk.” The House legislation includes “full pedigree” trace-back which puts FDA in charge of tracing the entire supply chain. The final bill requires the FDA to do this for high-risk foods, and while there are some limitations on FDA, anything further than the “one-up-one-back” requirement in the bioterrorism law will be very onerous on industry.
Standards for produce safety. For produce, this bill gives FDA the authority to create commodity-specific safety standards for produce. Instead of trusting industry and the free-market, this provision implies that complying with government standards is the best way to keep consumers safe. A lot of the produce industry lobbied for these standards to provide “consumer confidence” after the jalapeno and tomato scare, but federal regulations could particularly adversely impact small providers.
Other regulations in this bill are overly punitive and could set up an adverse relationship with industry. They include:
Administrative Detention of Food. The bill lowers the threshold for detaining articles of food to “adulterated or misbranded.” The threshold is currently higher for a reason-administrative detention is an authority that should only be used when there is clear, imminent danger.
Suspension of Registration. Facility registration may be suspended if there is a reasonable probability that food from the responsible facility will cause serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals. “Reasonable probability” isn’t a difficult enough burden for FDA to prove when the consequence is closing down a private business.
Fees. Allows FDA to assess fees for compliance failures (recalls and re-inspections). These fees give FDA incentive to find reasons to re-inspect a facility or order a mandatory recall-the only ways they can collect money for their efforts. Furthermore, assessing industry to pay for a new regulatory structure will increase food costs for consumers during a recession.
Mandatory Recall Authority. Provides FDA with the authority to force a recall (and collect fees to pay for it). It is unclear why this authority is necessary – even in the worst food safety outbreaks, there do not appear to be any instances in which tainted products were on the shelves or with distributors that the company at fault did not work with FDA to conduct a voluntary recall. Allowing FDA to collect fees for forcing a mandatory recall could also push FDA to pull the trigger early on a mandatory recall – putting them at odds with the company responsible.
- (I pointed out that the Food and Drug Administration FDA in control of the delivery of food could be manipulated to put certain areas of the country under siege and in fear of starvation. This just as the EPA has destroyed the farming in southern California so as to promote the Democrats and Obama’s goal of global trade and dependence leading to global government. Now the FDA can starve communities or destroy whole food industries with wicked charges. BB)
Taking off from Lyndon Johnson’s observation, quoted above, the ambiguity of language in S.510 provides a giant opportunity for empowered authorities to make up both the intent and meaning of these proposed regulations and interpret this law as they see fit when they should be constrained by specifics. Legislators can be amazingly specific when they want to be. But a law that is couched in terms and phrases open to interpretation is exactly what leads to cascading unintended consequences. And many believe that’s exactly why ambiguous language is used. Along the lines of “better to ask forgiveness than permission.” Or, more bluntly, we’ll do as we please, see you in court, and we’ll let a judge sort it out.
This is exactly why so much distress and anger permeates the internet over S.510: the possibility of slowly eroding the natural rights of home gardeners and their valued seed stocks in the face of the sweeping changes genetically patented seed lines represent. Attorneys for multinational corporations making these GMO seeds are ruthless in pursuing lawsuits to enforce what they claim is patent infringement — even when it is nature spreading these seeds into fields and farms, and not by consent or intent of farmers who find GMO patented seeds suddenly among their crops. The what if scenarios of ambiguous language coupled to a corporatist-Statist administration are frightening, and the people raising an alarm about home gardens and seed stocks are probably not Chicken Littles. Not if recent history is any indication.
It’s sophomorically easy and disingenuous to arm-chair quarterback. The safety of our food supply and the responsibility for overseeing what that requires is a gargantuan undertaking. Hats off to every one in the chain of command who is doing the job right, efficiently, and without bureaucratic malice. But arming that chain of command with vastly enlarged responsibilities riddled with powers of enforcement ambiguous at best is to ensure a law that harms rather than protects. Man is a fickle animal capable of glory and honor, but he is just as capable of chicanery and greed. Ambiguity invites disaster.
Lastly, S.510 is an inverted pyramid of power. Growing federal mandates on top of an already top-heavy bureaucratic leviathan is neither efficient nor safe. Going to the well again, let’s say it over and over: complexity is the enemy of security.
As sweeping a bill as has ever been introduced regarding food safety, S.510 reaches too far and too wide and embraces too much with a one-size-fits-all worldview. Instead of the hard work of focusing on specific issues and making those work within the structure of laws and regulations and departments already empowered, the authors of S.510 chose to use the biggest brush on the biggest canvas.
…Resulting in an embodiment of the truism complexity is the enemy of security.
Dump S.510, go back to the drawing board, leverage the brilliance of the free market, and reinstitute simplicity for the sake of security.